Federal Trade Commission Protecting America's Consumers

October 31, 2007

Agencies Issue Final Rules on Identity Theft Red Flags and Notices of Address Discrepancy

The Federal Trade Commission and the federal financial institution regulatory agencies have sent to the Federal Register for publication final rules on identity theft "red flags" and address discrepancies.  The final rules implement sections 114 and 315 of the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003.

According to a report of the President's Identity Theft Task Force, identity theft (a fraud attempted or committed using identifying information of another person without authority), results in billions of dollars in losses each year to individuals and businesses.

The final rules require each financial institution and creditor that holds any consumer account, or other account for which there is a reasonably foreseeable risk of identity theft, to develop and implement an Identity Theft Prevention Program (Program) for combating identity theft in connection with new and existing accounts.  The Program must include reasonable policies and procedures for detecting, preventing, and mitigating identity theft and enable a financial institution or creditor to:

  1. Identify relevant patterns, practices, specific forms of activity that are "red flags" signaling possible identity theft and incorporate those red flags into the Program;

  2. Detect red flags that have been incorporated into the Program;

  3. Respond appropriately to any red flags that are detected to prevent and mitigate identity theft; and

  4. Ensure the Program is updated periodically to reflect changes in risks from identity theft.     

The agencies also issued guidelines to assist financial institutions and creditors in developing and implementing a Program, including a supplement that provides examples of red flags.

The final rules also require credit and debit card issuers to develop policies and procedures to assess the validity of a request for a change of address that is followed closely by a request for an additional or replacement card.  In addition, the final rules require users of consumer reports to develop reasonable policies and procedures to apply when they receive a notice of address discrepancy from a consumer reporting agency.

The attached final rulemaking is issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Trade Commission, the National Credit Union Administration, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, and the Office of Thrift Supervision.  The final rules are effective on January 1, 2008.  Covered financial institutions and creditors must comply with the rules by November 1, 2008.

The final rule will be published soon and can be found on the Commission's Web site as a link to this press release.  The Commission vote authorizing the publication of the final rule and Federal Register notice was 5-0.  (FTC File No. R611019).  The staff contacts are Naomi Lefkovitz or Pavneet Singh, Bureau of Consumer Protection, 202-326-2252; see press release dated July 18, 2006. 

Copies of the document mentioned in this release are available from the FTC's Web site at http://www.ftc.gov and from the FTC's Consumer Response Center, Room 130, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20580.  Call toll free:  1-877-FTC-HELP.